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Disease Profile

Oculomaxillofacial dysostosis

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
<1 / 1 000 000

< 331

US Estimated

< 514

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

Neonatal

ICD-10

Q75.1

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

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Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

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X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

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Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

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Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

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Not applicable

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Other names (AKA)

Richieri Costa Gorlin syndrome; Oculomaxillofacial dysplasia with oblique facial clefts; Oblique facial clefts

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Mouth Diseases; Musculoskeletal Diseases

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 1794

Definition
Oculomaxillofacial dysostosis is a rare, genetic bone developmental disorder characterized by short stature, orbital region and ocular abnormalities (e.g. asymmetric orbits, anophthalmia, down-slanted and S-shaped palpebral fissures, sparse eyebrows/eyelashes, abnormal eyelids, ectropion, symblepharon, corneal leukoma), abnormal nose (e.g. broad and abnormally modeled nasal root, bridge and tip, lateral deviation), malar hypoplasia, cleft lip/palate, and oblique facial clefts. Intellectual disability, microcephaly, micrognathia and limb anomalies (e.g. hemimelia, abnormal scapular girdle, brachydactyly, syndactyly, broad halluces) have also been reported.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Symptoms

This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
HPO ID
30%-79% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of the dentition
Abnormal dentition
Abnormal teeth
Dental abnormality

[ more ]

0000164
Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the eyebrow
Absence of eyebrow
Lack of eyebrow
Missing eyebrow

[ more ]

0100840
Cleft palate
Cleft roof of mouth
0000175
Corneal opacity
0007957
Facial cleft
Cleft of the face
0002006
Median cleft lip
Central cleft upper lip
0000161
Short stature
Decreased body height
Small stature

[ more ]

0004322
Sparse or absent eyelashes
0200102
Underdeveloped nasal alae
Underdeveloped tissue around nostril
0000430
Upslanted palpebral fissure
Upward slanting of the opening between the eyelids
0000582
Wide nasal bridge
Broad nasal bridge
Broad nasal root
Broadened nasal bridge
Increased breadth of bridge of nose
Increased breadth of nasal bridge
Increased width of bridge of nose
Increased width of nasal bridge
Nasal bridge broad
Wide bridge of nose
Widened nasal bridge

[ more ]

0000431
5%-29% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of the humerus
0003063
Adducted thumb
Inward turned thumb
0001181
Aplasia/Hypoplasia affecting the eye
Absent/small eye
Absent/underdeveloped eye

[ more ]

0008056
Brachydactyly
Short fingers or toes
0001156
Camptodactyly of finger
Permanent flexion of the finger
0100490
Cognitive impairment
Abnormality of cognition
Cognitive abnormality
Cognitive defects
Cognitive deficits
Intellectual impairment
Mental impairment

[ more ]

0100543
Coloboma
Notched pupil
0000589
Deep palmar crease
Deep palm line
0006191
Micrognathia
Little lower jaw
Small jaw
Small lower jaw

[ more ]

0000347
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal dominant inheritance
0000006
Cleft upper lip
Harelip
0000204
Sporadic
No previous family history
0003745
Talipes calcaneovalgus
0001884

Diagnosis

Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.

Testing Resources

  • The Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) provides information about the genetic tests for this condition. The intended audience for the GTR is health care providers and researchers. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Oculomaxillofacial dysostosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.