Rare Medical News

Disease Profile

Trichinosis

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.

Unknown

Age of onset

All ages

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ICD-10

B75

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

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Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

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X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

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X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

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Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

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Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

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Not applicable

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Other names (AKA)

Infection with trichinella; Human trichinellosis; Trichiniasis;

Categories

Nervous System Diseases; Parasitic diseases

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 863

Definition
Trichinellosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the consumption of raw or undercooked meat (pork and wild game) infected by nematodes of the genus Trichinella and that is characterized by an enteral (intestinal) phase, that can be asymptomatic or that can manifests with diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain, and a parenteral (muscular) phase, manifesting with fever, periorbital edema, muscle swelling and pain, weakness, and in some cases, skin rash and peripheral edema. Rarely, potentially fatal cardiac (i.e. myocarditis), pulmonary (i.e. pneumonitis, respiratory failure), and nervous system (i.e. meningoencephalitis) complications may occur.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Symptoms

This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
HPO ID
30%-79% of people have these symptoms
Conjunctival hyperemia
0030953
EMG abnormality
0003457
Hyporeflexia
Decreased reflex response
Decreased reflexes

[ more ]

0001265
Increased circulating IgE level
0003212
Nausea
0002018
Periorbital edema
0100539
5%-29% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of the cerebrospinal fluid
0002921
Apathy
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest
0000741
Confusion
Disorientation
Easily confused
Mental disorientation

[ more ]

0001289
Conjunctivitis
Pink eye
0000509
Dysphagia
Poor swallowing
Swallowing difficulties
Swallowing difficulty

[ more ]

0002015
Excessive daytime somnolence
Excessive daytime sleepiness
More than typical sleepiness during day

[ more ]

0001262
Hemiparesis
Weakness of one side of body
0001269
Irritability
Irritable
0000737
Lethargy
0001254
Limitation of neck motion
0005986
Memory impairment
Forgetfulness
Memory loss
Memory problems
Poor memory

[ more ]

0002354
Ocular pain
Eye pain
0200026
Ophthalmoplegia
Eye muscle paralysis
0000602
Skin rash
0000988
Tinnitus
Ringing in ears
Ringing in the ears

[ more ]

0000360
Trismus
Lockjaw
0000211
Vertigo
Dizzy spell
0002321
1%-4% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of the optic nerve
Optic nerve issue
0000587
Anisocoria
Asymmetric pupil sizes
Asymmetry of the pupils
Unequal pupil size

[ more ]

0009916
Aphasia
Difficulty finding words
Losing words
Loss of words

[ more ]

0002381
Babinski sign
0003487
Central retinal artery occlusion
0025342
Diplopia
Double vision
0000651
Encephalopathy
0001298
Facial palsy
Bell's palsy
0010628
Hemiplegia
Paralysis on one side of body
0002301
Meningitis
0001287
Retinal hemorrhage
Retinal bleeding
0000573

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

Where to Start

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Trichinosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.